Spinach Salad with Apples and Raisins

From Boistfort Valley Farm


2 tablespoons cider vinegar

2 tablespoons olive oil

1 teaspoon honey

A sprinkle of minced herbs, as desired (optional)

Salt & pepper to taste

1/2 cup quartered, sliced and coarsely chopped apples

1/2 small red onion, very thinly sliced

2 tablespoons raisins

1 bunch spinach, washed and drained well, stems discarded, torn

Chopped walnuts (optional)


In a small bowl, combine first four ingredients and mix well.

Add apple, onion and raisins; toss lightly to coat.

Cover and let stand for 10 minutes.

Just before serving, add dressing and toss.

Salt & pepper to taste.

Top with chopped walnuts as desired.

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Medicine Wheel Garden (C6-7)

This area is inspired by traditional Indigenous Medicine Wheel gardens. The four quadrants represent the four directions and four seasons. We created this garden to provide an opportunity to learn, teach and honour traditional Indigenous practices, perspectives and being.

  • North – Kiiwedingong: This section represents the winter. The winter is the place of wisdom, The bear teaches about fasting as it hibernates and rests throughout the winter months. Sweetgrass is braided to remind us of the strength we gain when our mind, body and spirit is balanced.
  • East – Wasbingong: This section represents the springtime and new life. The eagle is the messenger between the people and the creator and teaches us we need to be thankful for creation and to live in a good way. Life is a gift. To honour that gift we have been given tobacco. Tobacco is used as a sign of thanksgiving and to remind us to be grateful and humble for all aspects of life.
  • South – Zhaawanong: This section represents the youth, summertime and nurturing. The deer teaches us the importance of generosity and sharing, The cedar is used as a cleansing medicine for the body and soul.
  • West – Epangishmok: This section represents the adult stage, autumn harvest. West is the berry stage. It is here the growth from the summer has come to ripen. The berry teaches us forgiveness and peace. It honours the cycle of death and rebirth. The buffalo teaches us to look within ourselves for guidance. Sage is used by Indigenous people to clear their minds and hearts, preparing for the rest of life’s journey.
  • The Centre: The rose in the centre tells us that life is like a rose. The thorns remind us of the up’s and down’s in the journey of life. As the flower dies each year come winter, we remember that we too are reborn after self-reflection, dedication and acceptance. The centre reminds us to find balance in our own lives and maintain our fire within. How is your fire burning?


– Etobicoke Outdoor Education Centre